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Amorphous Steel Core: Properties and Applications in Magnetic Circuits

by:Catech      2023-08-14

Amorphous Steel Core: Properties and Applications in Magnetic Circuits


Amorphous steel cores have gained significant attention in recent years due to their unique properties and wide range of applications in magnetic circuits. This article explores the distinctive characteristics of amorphous steel cores, their manufacturing process, and their potential applications in various industries. Additionally, it highlights the advantages and challenges associated with using amorphous steel cores in magnetic circuits.

Properties of Amorphous Steel Cores

Amorphous steel cores possess several remarkable properties that make them highly desirable for use in magnetic circuits. These properties include:

1. Low Core Losses: Amorphous steel cores have inherently low core losses, making them highly efficient in energy conversion applications. Their low hysteresis loss and eddy current losses contribute to efficient power transfer and reduced energy dissipation.

2. High Permeability: These cores exhibit excellent magnetic permeability, which enables better magnetic flux conduction, resulting in improved overall system performance. High permeability allows for lower magnetizing currents and higher inductance values, thereby increasing efficiency.

3. Good Thermal Stability: Amorphous steel cores have thermal stability, making them suitable for operating in environments with high-temperature variations. Their unique atomic structure prevents the crystallization process even at elevated temperatures, ensuring consistent performance under challenging conditions.

4. Wide Frequency Range: Amorphous steel cores exhibit a wide range of operating frequencies, making them suitable for applications in both high and low-frequency magnetic circuits. Their low power loss characteristics extend across various frequencies, allowing for versatile applications.

5. High Saturation Magnetization: These cores possess high saturation magnetization, enabling them to store significant magnetic energy within the material. This property is essential in applications that require high energy storage and efficient magnetic flux transfer.

Manufacturing Process

The production of amorphous steel cores involves a rapid solidification technique called melt-spinning. In this process, a molten alloy is poured onto a rotating copper wheel, which rapidly cools the material, forming a thin ribbon-like structure. The high cooling rate prevents crystallization, resulting in an amorphous atomic structure.

Once the ribbon is formed, it undergoes further processing to transform it into the desired shape for magnetic cores, such as toroidal, E-core, or C-core. Various techniques, including stamping, annealing, and winding, are employed to achieve the desired core shape and dimensions.

Applications in Magnetic Circuits

Amorphous steel cores find extensive application in various industries where magnetic circuits are crucial for efficient energy transfer or signal processing. Some notable applications include:

1. Power Transformers: Amorphous steel cores are widely used in power transformers due to their low core losses and high permeability. These cores enhance the transformer's efficiency and reduce energy dissipation, resulting in improved overall system performance.

2. Inductors and Chokes: They are also utilized in the manufacturing of inductors and chokes, where their low power losses and high permeability facilitate improved energy storage and transfer. Amorphous steel cores enhance the performance of these components in power electronics applications.

3. Magnetic Sensors: The excellent magnetic properties of amorphous steel cores make them suitable for use in various magnetic sensors. These sensors are employed in automotive, aerospace, and industrial sectors for position sensing, current sensing, and speed sensing applications.

4. Magnetic Shields: Amorphous steel cores are utilized in the production of magnetic shields to confine or redirect magnetic fields. These shields find applications in electrical equipment, sensitive electronics, and medical technologies to prevent unwanted interference or protect sensitive components.

5. High-Frequency Applications: The wide frequency range of amorphous steel cores makes them ideal for high-frequency applications. Industries such as telecommunications, radar systems, and high-frequency transformers benefit from their low power losses and excellent performance in these circuits.

Advantages and Challenges

Amorphous steel cores offer numerous advantages, but there are also challenges associated with their usage. Some advantages include:

- Improved energy efficiency with low core losses

- Higher inductance values and reduced magnetizing currents

- Excellent thermal stability for operation in harsh environments

- Versatility in both high and low-frequency applications

- Enhancing overall system performance in various industries.

However, challenges such as higher material costs compared to traditional silicon steel cores and limited availability of standardized core shapes may hinder their wider adoption. Nonetheless, ongoing research and development aim to address these challenges and further optimize the properties and manufacturing processes of amorphous steel cores.


Amorphous steel cores offer unique properties that make them an attractive choice for various applications in magnetic circuits. Their low core losses, high permeability, and excellent thermal stability provide numerous advantages in power transformers, inductors, magnetic sensors, shields, and high-frequency applications. Despite some challenges, the growing demand for energy-efficient solutions and advancements in manufacturing processes are contributing to the increased utilization of amorphous steel cores in diverse industries.

Many of us have heard about amorphous metal ribbon and seen some of these units in operation in amorphous metal transformer, core toroid and toroidal iron core spaces.
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